BIOS Basics: How To Configure Firmware

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BIOS Basics How To Configure Firmware
BIOS Basics How To Configure Firmware

One needs to update the operating system and software of their computer quite often so they can work on it without any interruption. But you do not need to update the BIOS always as updating it can be a risky process, because if something goes wrong while updating the BIOS your computer can become a useless device. Sometimes, it becomes necessary when there is an improvement after updating it. BIOS updates usually fix the bugs and the other reason to update it is to swap in a CPU that’s newer than your motherboard. Before we talk more on this topic we need to clear the meaning of BIOS.

What Is BIOS?

The Basic Input / Output System usually referred to as BIOS is a chip that is needed to perform the basic start-up operations on your computer before the Operating System wakes up and works. When you start your computer, it is BIOS that enables your PC to start your computer and ensures that the Operating System is being perfectly loaded onto the memory. In simple words, it is BIOS that initializes all other devices present in your PC and ensures the security of the Operating System.

The BIOS chip was later replaced by the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, better known as the UEFI chip. The very functions of both are similar in all terms and the only difference they share is that BIOS stores all the data about initialization and startup on firmware whereas UEFI stores the data in the “.efi” file that is stored on EFI System Partition (EPS) on the hard disk.

Signs When There Is Need To Update The BIOS

One should know when there is a need to update their BIOS and when not, considering the fact it is a risky process. First of all, you hardly feel any need to update your PC’s BIOS in the first place. You only need to update it when updating it will add the features that are needed to fix on your PC. And secondly, The need of doing this arises when the new processor/hardware is to be supported by the existing motherboard for the reason to fix problems or improve the performance. Apart from the mentioned reasons, there is no need to update BIOS frequently.

Now moving forward to the important topic, how to update the BIOS.

Steps to update the BIOS

To update your BIOS you need to follow a few steps and be attentive. We already know its a risky process so one should be focused while following the steps we are going to discuss below:

  1. Get the details of your BIOS version
    To update your BIOS you need to download the BIOS update file for which you need to get the information of your BIOS version. For this, you have to tap on Start > System Information. Here check the name of your system model name because you will need this for searching BIOS update files however you do not need to do this if you have a custom-built computer. Next, you have to check for your BIOS version number which you will find two-three columns below the system model name. For custom-built computers, the motherboard model name is what you need to check.
  2. Download the BIOS update file
    Next you open your BIOS manufacturer support site by entering the above-collected information on Google. Search through the different sites and find the manufacturer’s BIOS site for safety purposes. When you find the BIOS update file make sure it is a newer version than you already have. Click on the Download Link to download the update file.
  3. Use reliable source of power
    You need to check that your computer is plugged into a socket that works on the inverter. Because if a power cut happens during the updating process your BIOS can turn useless as we discussed earlier in this article.
  4. Unzip the downloaded BIOS file
    Because in most cases, BIOS files are being downloaded in Zip files, you need to extract it first to proceed. To unzip the file, click on the downloaded file, tap Extract > Extract All, and wait till the file is ready.
  5. Carefully read the instructions for updating
    You may get a text document about the instructions related to updating read that carefully and follow what they say. The instructions for the various devices can differ so make sure you follow the instructions carefully.
  6. Copy the BIOS file onto a USB flash drive
    It is necessary to copy the BIOS file to a blank USB flash drive before updating because your BIOS won’t be able to access your PC. The flash drive needs to be plugged in while the whole process of updating is completed.
  7. Search your BIOS key on Google
    Search the BIOS key of your computers by typing the information you collected above.
  8. Restart and press the assigned key
    Next, go to the Start icon, click on it, click Power > Restart. Immediately start pressing the assigned key by your computer manufacturer to BIOS startup. The assigned key can either be a Function key or Del key or Esc key.
  9. If you get the option of Backup on the main screen of BIOS then click on it to back up your BIOS settings in case your BIOS update faces any problem. This option is not available on every kind of BIOS page.
  10. BIOS update tool
    Make sure your USB flash is visible on-screen, then choose the Boot tab, enable the Flash option in the menu, and tap on the Start Flash option from the Advanced tab. This is it! Now, wait maybe for a few minutes or more than an hour depending on the system and BIOS.

Chipset Drivers

Chipset drivers are different from the BIOS, they play a crucial role in controlling communication between several components in the system, and updating them is different from that of BIOS and you need to update your chipset driver to improve the performance of your system. Here arises the question: how to update the bios and chipset driver? Though we have already discussed the updating process of BIOS, we now discuss the chipset drivers. You can update chipset drivers automatically in the device manager.

Steps to update chipset drivers

  1. Right-click on the Start icon and tap on the Device Manager from the list.
  2. There you need to click the System Devices Category, right-click on the chipset driver that is needed to be updated, select the Update Driver option.
    Device Manager
  3. You will get two options to update chipset drivers, click on the search automatically for update driver software.
  4. Next, your window will automatically search the update chipset drivers so you can follow the steps that will be on your screen to install the update chipset driver.

These are the simple procedures to update the chipset drivers of your computer.

XMP Profile In BIOS

XMP Profile In BIOS

Intel’s Extreme Memory Profile lets its users change multiple memory settings by simply opting for a different profile, by setting the memory to a higher speed than the standard. Your computer’s memory does not work at the rated speed with which it comes. Because the highest speed guaranteed by the memory manufacturer mostly depends on the external factor.

But XMP does not come on by default on your computer, one needs to set it up in the BIOS. Now the very first question that is coming into your mind is how to set up an XMP profile in your BIOS? I agree it seems risky to mess with the memory setting and all but trust me it’s quite easy.

Steps to set up XMP profile

  1. Power on your computer and press the DELETE key so you can enter BIOS(EZ Mode)
  2. Now press the F7 function key and next go to Advanced Mode. you can skip pressing the F7 key again if you directly enter Advanced Mode
  3. Next tap on Ai Tweaker
  4. Tap on the Ai OverClock Tuner item and set it to XMP1
  5. At last press the F10 function key and select OK and wait till the system is done auto rebooting

This is how you set up an XML profile in Your Bios. in this article we have answered How to update BIOS from the BIOS questions, update Chipset drivers query, and update XML profile in BIOS. Hope this proved to be helpful.

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